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Ash-Shirk [i.e. Polytheism] / الشرك بالله

What Has Been Said About At-Tanjeem (At-Tanjeem: Astrology) 

 

Bukhari narrates in his Saheeh, that Qatadah said:

"Allah created these stars for three reasons: (i) To adorn the heaven, (ii) as missiles against the devils and (ii) as signs by which (the traveller) may be guided; and so whoever claims more than this for them has is emoneous and has lost his reward (on the Day of Resurrection) and taken upon himself that of which he has no knowledge."

In this narration, Qatadah informs us that Allah (swt ), Most High, Created the stars for only three things: The first, to beautify the night sky; the second, as projectiles against the devils who approach the lowest heaven in order to overhear the angels speaking of the Commandments of Allah (swt ) which they then attempt to convey to the fortune-tellers and soothsayers; 2 and the third, as guidance for the wayfarer at night, whether on land or at sea. He (saas ) added that anyone who claims more than this for the stars such as the claims of astrologers, that the positions of the stars and planets exert an influence on our daily lives, is acting out of ignorance, and will receive no reward from Allah (swt ) on the Day of Judgement and has gone astray from the Straight Path.

Benefits Derived From This Narration

1. The wisdom of creating the stars.

2. The falseness of the claims of those who say otherwise.

3. The forbiddance of belief in astrology.

4. The punishment prescribed for those who practice or believe in astrology.

Relevance of This Narration to the Subject of the Chapter

That it informs us of the view of Qatadah concerning astrology, that it is false and forbidden.

Relevance of This Narration to the Subject of Tawheed

That Qatadah rejected that which the astrologers claim concerning the stars and knowledge of the unseen because it is an act of Shirk to claim knowledge of the unseen; as such knowledge is only with Allah (swt ).

Harb informs us that while Qatadah disliked the studying of the lunar phases, Ibn `Uyainah forbade it, and Ahmad and Ishaq permitted it.

Important Note

(a) Study of the stars is of three kinds: (i) That which is kufr, and that is the belief that the heavenly bodies themselves decide the events of our daily lives. (ii) The belief that events may be predicted by studying the courses and relative positions of the stars and planets which they claim is by Allah's Ordainment and His Will and there is no doubt of the forbiddance of this nor of its being a form of Shirk. (iii) The study of the stars and the planets in order to have knowledge of their cycles for the purpose of aiding travellers in order to know the direction of the Qiblah 3 and to know the time and season and this is permissible.

(b) The suggestion that Allah's Words:

" And marks and signs; and by the stars they are guided" (Qur'an 16:16)

Are an indication that astrology is permissible is totally false and baseless, because its forbiddance has been reported in many authentic Ahadith and therefore, it is clear that the meaning of this verse is not as the ignorant and misguided have claimed, but that Allah (swt ) has placed in the earth many natural sign-posts such as mountains, valleys, rivers, trees, rocks, etc.; and in the heaven stars to help the traveller find his way and that we may know the time and the season.

..ooOOoo..

It is reported on the authority of Abu Moosa (ra ), that he said: "Allah's Messenger (saas ) said:

"There are three who will not enter Paradise: (i) The habitual wine drinker, (ii) the one who cuts family ties and (iii) the one who believes in sorcery."

The Messenger of Allah (saas ) informs us in this Hadith that there are three categories of people who will not enter Paradise because of the major sins which they committed, all of which are harmful to themselves and to the whole community: The first of them is the alcoholic because when he is under the influence of alcohol, his rationality and his inhibitions depart and he is likely to commit any number of sins. The second is the one who breaks family ties, because in so doing he causes strife, division and enmity between members of his family - the result of this may be the breakdown of the family unit which is the basis of a healthy society. The third is the one who believes in sorcery which includes fortune-telling, astrology, palm-reading etc., because this leads to cheating, fraud and deception for the purpose of stealing the money of the innocent and the gullible.

Benefits Derived From This Hadith

1. The prohibition of alcoholic drinks.

2. The obligation to maintain family ties.

3. The forbiddance of belief in sorcery.

Relevance of This Hadith to the Subject of the Chapter

That it proves that it is forbidden to believe in all kinds of sorcery, including astrology.

Relevance of This Hadith to the Subject of Tawheed

That the Hadith forbids belief in sorcery, including astrology, because belief in astrology necessitates the belief that someone other than Allah (swt ) possesses knowledge of the unseen and such a belief is Shirk.

Footnotes

1. At-Tanjeem: Astrology.
2. This refers to meteorites, not stars, which are referred to in Arabic also as stars, as indeed they are in English (shooting stars, falling stars).
3. Qiblah: The direction towards which we face when we pray i.e. the K'abah in Makkah.

Kitaab At-Tawheed, Chapter: 27

 

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Sahih ul-Bukhari :: صحيح البخاري

Sahih ul-Bukhari :: صحيح البخاري

  1. Revelation
  2. Belief
  3. Knowledge
  4. Ablutions (Wudu')
  5. Bathing (Ghusl)
  6. Menstrual Periods
  7. Rubbing hands and feet with dust (Tayammum)
  8. Prayers (Salat)
  9. Virtues of the Prayer Hall (Sutra of the Musalla)
  10. Times of the Prayers
  11. Call to Prayers (Adhaan)
  12. Characteristics of Prayer
  13. Friday Prayer
  14. Fear Prayer
  15. The Two Festivals (Eids)
  16. Witr Prayer
  17. Invoking Allah for Rain (Istisqaa)
  18. Eclipses
  19. Prostration During Recital of Qur'an
  20. Shortening the Prayers (At-Taqseer)
  21. Prayer at Night (Tahajjud)
  22. Actions while Praying
  23. Funerals (Al-Janaa'iz)
  24. Obligatory Charity Tax (Zakat)
  25. Obligatory Charity Tax After Ramadaan (Zakat ul Fitr)
  26. Pilgrimage (Hajj)
  27. Minor Pilgrimage (Umra)
  28. Pilgrims Prevented from Completing the Pilgrimage
  29. Penalty of Hunting while on Pilgrimage
  30. Virtues of Madinah
  31. Fasting
  32. Praying at Night in Ramadaan (Taraweeh)
  33. Retiring to a Mosque for Remembrance of Allah (I'tikaf)
  34. Sales and Trade
  35. Sales in which a Price is paid for Goods to be Delivered Later (As-Salam)
  36. Hiring
  37. Transference of a Debt from One Person to Another (Al-Hawaala)
  38. Representation, Authorization, Business by Proxy
  39. Agriculture
  40. Distribution of Water
  41. Loans, Payment of Loans, Freezing of Property, Bankruptcy
  42. Lost Things Picked up by Someone (Luqaata)
  43. Oppressions
  44. Partnership
  45. Mortgaging
  46. Manumission of Slaves
  47. Gifts
  48. Witnesses
  49. Peacemaking
  50. Conditions
  51. Wills and Testaments (Wasaayaa)
  52. Fighting for the Cause of Allah (Jihaad)
  53. One-fifth of Booty to the Cause of Allah (Khumus)
  54. Beginning of Creation
  55. Prophets
  56. Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (pbuh) and his Companions
  57. Companions of the Prophet
  58. Merits of the Helpers in Madinah (Ansaar)
  59. Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (pbuh) (Al-Maghaazi)
  60. Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh))
  61. Virtues of the Qur'an
  62. Wedlock, Marriage (Nikaah)
  63. Divorce
  64. Supporting the Family
  65. Food, Meals
  66. Sacrifice on Occasion of Birth (`Aqiqa)
  67. Hunting, Slaughtering
  68. Al-Adha Festival Sacrifice (Adaahi)
  69. Drinks
  70. Patients
  71. Medicine
  72. Dress
  73. Good Manners and Form (Al-Adab)
  74. Asking Permission
  75. Invocations
  76. To make the Heart Tender (Ar-Riqaq)
  77. Divine Will (Al-Qadar)
  78. Oaths and Vows
  79. Expiation for Unfulfilled Oaths
  80. Laws of Inheritance (Al-Faraa'id)
  81. Limits and Punishments set by Allah (Hudood)
  82. Punishment of Disbelievers at War with Allah and His Apostle
  83. Blood Money (Ad-Diyat)
  84. Dealing with Apostates
  85. Saying Something under Compulsion (Ikraah)
  86. Tricks
  87. Interpretation of Dreams
  88. Afflictions and the End of the World
  89. Judgments (Ahkaam)
  90. Wishes
  91. Accepting Information Given by a Truthful Person
  92. Holding Fast to the Qur'an and Sunnah
  93. ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED)

Verses Of The Holy Quran :: آيات القرآن الكريم

1. Al-Ftihah
2. Al-Baqarah
3. آl-'Imrn
4. An-Nis'
5. Al-M'idah
6. Al-An'm
7. Al-A'rf
8. Al-Anfl
9. At-Taubah
10. Ynus
11. Hd
12. Ysuf
13. Ar-Ra'd
14. Ibrahm
15. Al-Hijr
16. An-Nahl
17. Al-Isr'
18. Al-Kahf
19. Maryam
20. TH.
21. Al-Anbiy'
22. Al-Hajj
23. Al-Mu'minn
24. An-Nr
25. Al-Furqn
26. Ash-Shu'ar'
27. An-Naml
28. Al-Qasas
29. Al-'Ankabt
30. ArRm
31. Luqmn
32. AsSajdah
33. AlAhzb
34. Saba'
35. Ftir / AlMal'ikah
36. YSn.
37. As-Sfft
38. Sd.
39. Az-Zumar
40. Ghfir
41. Fussilat
42. Ash-Shra
43. Az-Zukhruf
44. Ad-Dukhn
45. Al-Jthiya
46. Al-Ahqf
47. Muhammad / Al-Qitl
48. Al-Fath
49. Al-Hujurt
50. Qf.
51. Az-Zriyt
52. At-Tr
53. An-Najm
54. Al-Qamar
55. Ar-Rahmn
56. Al-Wqi'ah
57. Al-Hadd
58. Al-Mujdilah
59. Al-Hashr
60. Al-Mumtahinah
61. As-Saff
62. Al-Jumu'ah
63. Al-Munafiqn
64. At-Taghbun
65. At-Talq
66. At-Tahrm
67. Al-Mulk
68. Al-Qalam
69. Al-Hqqah
70. Al-Ma'rij
71. Nh
72. Al-Jinn
73. Al-Muzzammil
74. Al-Muddaththir
75. Al-Qiymah
76. Al-Insn / Ad-Dahr

77. Al-Mursalt

78. An-Naba'
79. An-Nazi't
80. 'Abasa
81. At-Takwr
82. Al-Infitr
83. Al-Mutaffifn
84. Al-Inshiqq
85. Al-Burj
86. At-Triq
87. Al-A'l
88. Al-Ghshiyah
89. Al-Fajr
90. Al-Balad
91. Ash-Shams
92. Al-Lail
93. Ad-Duha
94. Ash-Sharh
95. At-Tin
96. Al-'Alaq
97. Al-Qadr
98. Al-Baiyinah
99. Az-Zalzalah
100. Al-'Adiyt
101. Al-Qri'ah
102. At-Takthur
103. Al-'Asr
104. Al-Humazah
105. Al-Fl
106. Quraish
107. Al-M'n
108. Al-Kauthar
109. Al-Kfirn
110. An-Nasr
111. Al-Masad
112. Al-Ikhls / At-Tauhd
113. Al-Falaq
114. An-Ns

Transliteration Of Verses Of The Holy Qur'an :: نقحرة آيات القرآن الكريم

1 1. Al-Ftihah
2. Al-Baqarah
3. آl-'Imrn
4. An-Nis'
5. Al-M'idah
6. Al-An'm
7. Al-A'rf
8. Al-Anfl
9. At-Taubah
10. Ynus
11. Hd
12. Ysuf
13. Ar-Ra'd
14. Ibrahm
15. Al-Hijr
16. An-Nahl
17. Al-Isr'
18. Al-Kahf
19. Maryam
20. TH.
21. Al-Anbiy'
22. Al-Hajj
23. Al-Mu'minn
24. An-Nr
25. Al-Furqn
26. Ash-Shu'ar'
27. An-Naml
28. Al-Qasas
29. Al-'Ankabt
30. ArRm
31. Luqmn
32. AsSajdah
33. AlAhzb
34. Saba'
35. Ftir / AlMal'ikah
36. YSn.
37. As-Sfft
38. Sd.
39. Az-Zumar
40. Ghfir
41. Fussilat
42. Ash-Shra
43. Az-Zukhruf
44. Ad-Dukhn
45. Al-Jthiya
46. Al-Ahqf
47. Muhammad / Al-Qitl
48. Al-Fath
49. Al-Hujurt
50. Qf.
51. Az-Zriyt
52. At-Tr
53. An-Najm
54. Al-Qamar
55. Ar-Rahmn
56. Al-Wqi'ah
57. Al-Hadd
58. Al-Mujdilah
59. Al-Hashr
60. Al-Mumtahinah
61. As-Saff
62. Al-Jumu'ah
63. Al-Munafiqn
64. At-Taghbun
65. At-Talq
66. At-Tahrm
67. Al-Mulk
68. Al-Qalam
69. Al-Hqqah
70. Al-Ma'rij
71. Nh
72. Al-Jinn
73. Al-Muzzammil
74. Al-Muddaththir
75. Al-Qiymah
76. Al-Insn / Ad-Dahr
77. Al-Mursalt
78. An-Naba'
79. An-Nazi't
80. 'Abasa
81. At-Takwr
82. Al-Infitr
83. Al-Mutaffifn
84. Al-Inshiqq
85. Al-Burj
86. At-Triq
87. Al-A'l
88. Al-Ghshiyah
89. Al-Fajr
90. Al-Balad
91. Ash-Shams
92. Al-Lail
93. Ad-Duha
94. Ash-Sharh
95. At-Tin
96. Al-'Alaq
97. Al-Qadr
98. Al-Baiyinah
99. Az-Zalzalah
100. Al-'Adiyt
101. Al-Qri'ah
102. At-Takthur
103. Al-'Asr
104. Al-Humazah
105. Al-Fl
106. Quraish
107. Al-M'n
108. Al-Kauthar
109. Al-Kfirn
110. An-Nasr
111. Al-Masad
112. Al-Ikhls / At-Tauhd
113. Al-Falaq
114. An-Ns

Sahih Muslim :: صحيح مسلم

Sahih Muslim :: صحيح مسلم

  1. The Book of Faith (Kitab Al-Iman)
  2. The Book of Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)
  3. The Book of Menstruation (Kitab Al-Haid)
  4. The Book of Prayers (Kitab Al-Salat)
  5. The Book of Zakat (Kitab Al-Zakat)
  6. The Book of Fasting (Kitab Al-Sawm)
  7. The Book of Pilgrimage (Kitab Al-Hajj)
  8. The Book of Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah)
  9. The Book of Divorce (Kitab Al-Talaq)
  10. The Book of Transactions (Kitab Al-Buyu`)
  11. The Book Pertaining to the Rules of Inheritance (Kitab Al-Farai`d)
  12. The Book of Gifts (Kitab Al-Hibat)
  13. The Book of Bequests (Kitab Al-Wasiyya)
  14. The Book of Vows (Kitab Al-Nadhr)
  15. The Book of Oaths (Kitab Al-Aiman)
  16. The Book Pertaining to the Oath, for Establishing the Responsibility of Murders, Fighting, Requital and Blood-Wit (Kitab Al-Kitab Al-Qasama wa'l-Muharabawa'l-Qisas wa'l-Diyat)
  17. The Book Pertaining to Punishments Prescribed by Islam (Kitab Al-Hudud)
  18. The Book Pertaining to Judicial Decisions (Kitab Al-Aqdiyya)
  19. The Book of Jihad and Expedition (Kitab Al-Jihad wa'l-Siyar)
  20. The Book on Government (Kitab Al-Imara)
  21. The Book of Games and the Animals which May be Slaughtered and the Aninals that Are to be Eaten (Kitab-us-Said wa'l-Dhaba'ih wa ma Yu'kalu min Al-Hayawan)
  22. The Book of Sacrifices (Kitab Al-Adahi)
  23. The Book of Drinks (Kitab Al-Ashriba)
  24. The Book Pertaining to Clothes and Decoration (Kitab Al-Libas wa'l-Zinah)
  25. The Book on General Behaviour (Kitab Al-Adab)
  26. The Book on Salutations and Greetings (Kitab As-Salam)
  27. The Book Concerning the Use of Correct Words (Kitab Al-Alfaz min Al-Adab wa Ghairiha)
  28. The Book of Poetry (Kitab Al-Sh`ir)
  29. The Book of Vision (Kitab Al-Ruya)
  30. The Book Pertaining to the Excellent Qualities of the Holy Prophet (may Peace be upon them) and His Companions (Kitab Al-Fada'il)
  31. The Book Pertaining to the Merits of the Companions (Allah Be Pleased With Them) of the Holy Prophet (May Peace Be Upon Him) (Kitab Al-Fada'il Al-Sahabah)
  32. The Book of Virtue, Good Manners and Joining of the Ties of Relationship (Kitab al-Birr was-Salat-l-wa`l-Adab)
  33. The Book of Destiny (Kitab-ul-Qadr)
  34. The Book of Knowledge (Kitab Al-`Ilm)
  35. The Book Pertaining to the Remembrance of Allah, Supplication, Repentance and Seeking Forgiveness (Kitab Al-Dhikr)
  36. The Book of Heart-Melting Traditions (Kitab Al-Riqaq)
  37. The Book Pertaining to Repentance and Exhortation to Repentance (Kitab Al-Tauba)
  38. Pertaining To The Charateristics Of The Hypocrites And Command Concerning Them (Kitab Sifat Al-Munafiqin Wa Ahkamihin)
  39. The Book Giving Description of the Day of Judgement, Paradise and Hell (Kitab Sifat Al-Qiyamah wa'l Janna wa'n-Nar)
  40. The Book Pertaining to Paradise, Its Description, Its Bounties and Its Intimates (Kitab Al-Jannat wa Sifat Na'imiha wa Ahliha)
  41. The Book Pertaining to the Turmoil and Portents of the Last Hour (Kitab Al-Fitan wa Ashrat As-Sa`ah)
  42. The Book Pertaining to Piety and Softening of Hearts (Kitab Al-Zuhd wa Al-Raqa'iq)
  43. The Book of Commentary (Kitab Al-Tafsir)

Sunan Abu Dawud :: سنن أبي داؤد

Sunan Abu Dawud :: سنن أبي داؤد

  1. Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)
  2. Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat)
  3. Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Details of Commencing Prayer
  4. Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Rules of Law about the Prayer during Journey
  5. Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Prayer at Night
  6. Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Injunctions about Ramadan
  7. Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Prostration while reciting the Qur'an
  8. Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Detailed Injunctions about Witr
  9. Zakat (Kitab Al-Zakat)
  10. The Rites of Hajj (Kitab Al-Manasik Wa'l-Hajj)
  11. Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah)
  12. Divorce (Kitab Al-Talaq)
  13. Fasting (Kitab Al-Siyam)
  14. Jihad (Kitab Al-Jihad)
  15. Sacrifice (Kitab Al-Dahaya)
  16. Game (Kitab Al-Said)
  17. Wills (Kitab Al-Wasaya)
  18. Shares of Inheritance (Kitab Al-Fara'id)
  19. Tribute, Spoils, and Rulership (Kitab Al-Kharaj, Wal-Fai' Wal-Imarah)
  20. Funerals (Kitab Al-Jana'iz)
  21. Oaths and Vows (Kitab Al-Aiman Wa Al-Nudhur)
  22. Commercial Transactions (Kitab Al-Buyu)
  23. Wages (Kitab Al-Ijarah)
  24. The Office of the Judge (Kitab Al-Aqdiyah)
  25. Knowledge (Kitab Al-Ilm)
  26. Drinks (Kitab Al-Ashribah)
  27. Foods (Kitab Al-At'imah)
  28. Medicine (Kitab Al-Tibb)
  29. Divination and Omens (Kitab Al-Kahanah Wa Al-Tatayyur)
  30. Dialects and Readings of the Qur'an (Kitab Al-Huruf Wa Al-Qira'at)
  31. Hot Baths (Kitab Al-Hammam)
  32. Clothing (Kitab Al-Libas)
  33. Combing the Hair (Kitab Al-Tarajjul)
  34. Signet-Rings (Kitab Al-Khatam)
  35. Trials and Fierce Battles (Kitab Al-Fitan Wa Al-Malahim)
  36. The Promised Deliverer (Kitab Al-Mahdi)
  37. Battles (Kitab Al-Malahim)
  38. Prescribed Punishments (Kitab Al-Hudud)
  39. Types of Blood-Wit (Kitab Al-Diyat)
  40. Model Behavior of the Prophet (Kitab Al-Sunnah)
  41. General Behavior (Kitab Al-Adab)

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